Bachelor’s in Counseling
One of the first steps to becoming a licensed counselor is completing a bachelor’s degree. Most states require a graduate degree in counseling for licensure and a bachelor’s is required for admission to graduate counseling programs. There are many bachelor’s degree options for aspiring counselors in counseling and related fields, such as psychology, sociology, social work, and human services. While a specialization is not necessary at the bachelor’s degree level, students can choose to take coursework in any of the major areas of counseling, such as mental health counseling, marriage and family therapy, school counseling, rehabilitation counseling, or substance abuse counseling based on availability at their institution.
Bachelor’s degrees in counseling are offered at four-year colleges and universities and are designed to prepare graduates for entry-level careers in counseling settings or for further study at the graduate level. Counseling bachelor’s degrees may include required practicums, internships, or research projects or offer optional service-learning and study abroad opportunities. Most degrees can be completed in four years of full-time study with numerous part-time and online programs in counseling and related fields available.
Table of Contents
- Why Earn a Bachelor’s in Counseling?
- Choosing a Bachelor’s in Counseling Degree Program
- Licensure and Careers with a Bachelor’s in Counseling
- Types of Bachelor’s Degrees in Counseling
- Marriage and Family Therapy
- Mental Health Counseling
- Rehabilitation Counseling
- School Counseling
- Substance Abuse Counseling
- On-Campus Counseling Bachelor’s Degree Programs
- Online Counseling Bachelor’s Degree Programs
- Careers with a Bachelor’s in Counseling
- Frequently Asked Questions
Why Earn a Bachelor’s in Counseling?
To become a licensed counselor, you will likely need a master’s degree and relevant work experience. Master’s degree programs in counseling require a bachelor’s degree and may have specific coursework requirements at the undergraduate level. A bachelor’s degree in counseling or a related field provides aspiring counselors with a foundation in many of the theories and models used in the counseling profession and may include an internship or practicum to gain experience. It also helps students learn about the counseling profession and provides exposure to some of the most common areas of specialty, including substance abuse counseling and mental health.
Others may choose to complete a bachelor’s degree in counseling or a related field to access employment opportunities in counseling organizations. Although a master’s degree is almost always required for full licensure, bachelor’s degree holders may find employment in support and assistant roles in community organizations, rehabilitation centers, mental health facilities, and other related settings. They may also command a higher salary compared to those with associate’s degrees in counseling.
Choosing a Bachelor’s in Counseling Degree Program
Bachelor’s degree applicants can choose from a number of counseling degree programs that offer a generalized approach with optional areas of specialization. The five main areas of counseling tracked by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) are mental health counseling, marriage and family therapy, school counseling, substance abuse counseling, and rehabilitation counseling. At the bachelor’s degree stage of the educational process, aspiring counselors do not need to choose an area of specialization as this should be done at the master’s degree stage according to the state licensure requirements for the chosen area of specialization. Undergraduate degrees in related areas, such as psychology or family studies, can also be appropriate choices as they provide students with similar foundational learning opportunities. Students should consider the admission requirements for their preferred graduate degree programs to ensure they meet any specific coursework and GPA requirements.
Licensure and Careers with a Bachelor’s in Counseling
Counseling bachelor’s degree holders may be able to find employment as counseling assistants or in other support roles in any of the major counseling fields: marriage and family therapy, school counseling, mental health counseling, substance abuse counseling, rehabilitation counseling or other areas of the profession. Those interested in substance abuse counseling may be eligible for licensure depending on state regulations. Examples of counseling-related licenses for those with a bachelor’s degree in counseling vary widely by state, but may include:
- Certified Addictions Counselor (CAC)
- Certified Addictions Practioner (CAP)
- Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor (CADC)
- Licensed Addiction Counselor (LAC)
- Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor (LCDC)
- Licensed Drug and Alcohol Counselor (LDAC)
- Licensed Substance Abuse Counselor (LSAC)
- School Counselor (Initial License)*
*In a few select states only.
To learn more about state licensing requirements for the major counseling fields, refer to our guide to counseling licensure by state.
Types of Bachelor’s Degrees in Counseling
There are many different types of bachelor’s degrees in counseling and related fields that introduce students to foundational counseling content. Most undergraduate degrees are offered as a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or a Bachelor of Science (BS); some degree programs may offer the opportunity to include a double major or minor in a related area or complete a practicum or internship. Earning a bachelor’s degree in professional counseling typically takes four years of full-time study, although part-time degree programs are also popular and can accommodate the needs of working professionals. There are numerous areas of specialization within counseling, but the five major areas recognized by the BLS are marriage and family therapy, mental health counseling, rehabilitation counseling, school counseling, and substance abuse counseling. Below, you will find more information about the bachelor’s degree options for aspiring counselors in each of these fields.
Marriage and Family Therapy
Licensure for marriage and family therapy requires a graduate degree, so many aspiring marriage and family therapists (MFTs) complete a bachelor’s degree in a related field before pursuing graduate studies. There are many related degrees that can help prepare aspiring MFTs, so it is best to check to ensure your chosen bachelor’s degree program meets the admission requirements for your preferred marriage and family therapy graduate degree. Some examples of bachelor’s degrees in related areas include marriage/child and family studies, child and human development, psychology, and human services. More information about programs in marriage and family therapy can be found on our degree guide.
Mental Health Counseling
Mental health counseling, which is also known as professional counseling or clinical counseling, encompasses a broad range of psychotherapeutic techniques provided in individual, family, or group settings. Bachelor’s degrees in mental health counseling are often multi-disciplinary, exposing students to foundational theories in psychology and providing practice learning opportunities to develop therapeutic listening and counseling skills. In these degrees, students typically learn about all types of mental, social, and emotional disorders throughout the life course. To learn more about clinical counseling degrees, refer to our Mental Health Counseling Degree Guide.
Counselors who specialize in helping clients with disabilities are known as rehabilitation counselors. Bachelor’s degrees in rehabilitation counseling focus on developing counseling, treatment planning, and case management skills related to the physical, cognitive, and behavioral disabilities that may impact the client’s day-to-day functioning. Licensure requirements for rehabilitation counseling vary by state, but most states include rehabilitation counseling under the professional counseling umbrella which requires a master’s degree. There may still be jobs available to those with a bachelor’s degree that do not necessarily require licensure. Review our guide to rehabilitation counseling degrees to learn more about the degree options in this field of counseling.
School counseling includes the design and delivery of age-appropriate guidance and counseling programs and the provision of individualized personal, academic, and career guidance to students from pre-K to 12th grade. A master’s degree is required for full state licensure, so many aspiring school counselors choose a bachelor’s degree in a related area, such as education, mental health counseling, child development, or psychology, to become more familiar with the subject matter and prepare themselves for further study. Some states require school counselors to be licensed educators with teaching experience; check state guidelines to determine the requirements in your state. For more information about school counseling degrees and requirements, visit our school counseling degree resource.
Substance Abuse Counseling
Substance abuse counseling is the field of counseling focused on helping those with addiction, chemical dependency, and recovery issues. Each state has different requirements for licensure and while a bachelor’s degree may not be required, it can often provide an edge for employment purposes and lead to more advanced types of licensure. Many bachelor’s degrees specializing in substance abuse counseling are available or students may choose a general counseling degree that offers substance abuse counseling as a specialization through specific coursework requirements. Our Substance Abuse Counseling Degree Guide provides more information about degrees in this area of counseling.
On-Campus Counseling Bachelor’s Degree Programs
Colorado State University offers a Bachelor of Science in Psychology with specialization pathways that may appeal to aspiring counselors, including clinical/counseling psychology and addiction counseling. All students begin in the general psychology track and take courses in a range of science, math, social science, and writing subjects. An optional specialization can be declared at any time during the program and narrows the psychology electives that can be taken. Clinical/counseling students complete a counseling skills lab and internship preparing them for careers in counseling and mental health or graduate-level training. Addiction counseling students complete a related internship and coursework in addiction treatment, which will qualify them to begin the process to become a Certified Addiction counselor (CAC-I) in Colorado with an option to continue on to receive CAC-II or CAC-III certification. To be admitted, high school or GED applicants must submit an application package with transcripts, SAT or ACT results, and a personal statement and transfer applicants must submit college and high school or GED transcripts. Incoming freshman students can apply to begin in the fall or spring terms, while transfer students may apply for a fall, spring, or summer start date.
Those interested in working with people with disabilities may be interested in the Bachelor of Science (BS) in Rehabilitation Services at East Carolina University in Greenville, North Carolina. This degree program combines coursework from mental health counseling, addiction counseling, human services, and vocational rehabilitation to provide students with extensive knowledge of the rehabilitation counseling profession. During a required internship, students will apply theories to real-world situations and work directly with clients who have mental, physical, or developmental disabilities. The BS is a degree-completion program, which means students must complete at least 42 credits of core coursework at the undergraduate level before applying to complete the degree in rehabilitation studies. Admission requires a minimum 2.5 GPA and successful completion of two foundational rehabilitation studies courses. Students can also complete a minor as part of their degree plan, such as Alcohol and Drug Studies. For those wishing to continue their studies, ECU offers many graduate study options including a master’s degree in Rehabilitation and Career Counseling, a master’s in Clinical Counseling with an emphasis in Addictions, a PhD in Rehabilitation Counseling and Administration, and graduate certificates in Rehabilitation Counseling, Vocational Evaluation, Substance Abuse Counseling, and Military and Trauma Counseling.
At New Mexico State University (NMSU), students can earn a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Counseling and Community Psychology in four years of full-time study that focuses on mental health, intra- and inter-personal relationships, and multicultural awareness. The main campus is located in Las Cruces, but students can take classes at any of the five campuses in the state. Of the 120 required credits for the degree, 39 credits are taken as part of the general education core, 51 credits are taken in counseling and community psychology, and the remaining credits are electives. The program can be completed with a double major in a related field, such as sociology, or as part of a combined degree plan with a Master of Arts in Educational Diagnostics, which may appeal to aspiring school counselors. Applications are accepted from prospective students with at least a 2.75 GPA or acceptable ACT or SAT scores, while transfer students must have at least a 2.0 GPA in at least 30 college credits. Scholarships and financial aid may be available to new NMSU students.
Located in Wayne, Nebraska, Wayne State College (WSC) offers BA and BS degrees in Human Service Counseling with slightly different core curriculum degree plans. Both degrees teach the foundational knowledge required to understand and assess human behavior, mental health, and well-being and prepare students for entry-level careers in counseling fields such as outreach, counseling, behavioral health, and rehabilitation. The curriculum requires 120 credits with at least 56 credits completed in the counseling major and a required internship. Students can also complete an optional addiction counseling specialization or choose to pair their degree with another major or minor in a related subject, such as psychology or family life studies. Additional service learning, study abroad, and research opportunities are also available to interested students. Applications are assessed on a rolling basis and students are advised to apply as soon as possible for the fall, spring, or summer term. Transcripts and SAT or ACT scores are required for candidates under 21 years; transfer applicants must send college transcripts. WSC prides itself on offering affordable tuition rates and advisors are available to help students apply for financial aid and scholarship opportunities. The university also offers a master’s degree in clinical mental health counseling accredited by CACREP.
Online Counseling Bachelor’s Degree Programs
Those interested in school counseling or marriage and family therapy careers may be interested in the Bachelor of Science (BS) in Human Development and Family Studies at Oregon State University (OSU). This degree teaches students about family dynamics in contemporary settings, such as schools and communities, using an interdisciplinary approach. Courses cover family studies topics throughout the life course from children and youth development to parenting and the elderly. Students must complete 180 quarter credits and can complete all the required courses online or in combination with traditional courses at the OSU campus in Portland. OSU students can also complement their degree program with a related minor, such as education, psychology, or sociology. Start dates are offered four times during the year at the beginning of each quarter and courses are structured in 11-week sections. Admission to OSU online programs is competitive and new students must submit transcripts highlighting coursework requirements and proof of a high school diploma or GED, a resume, and test scores, such as the SAT. Transfer student applications are also accepted; however previous courses and grades will be reviewed and 45 of the last 75 credits must be completed at OSU to meet the academic residency requirement.
Saint Leo University is a Roman Catholic institution located in St. Leo, Florida. Students can earn an online Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Clinical Psychology comprised of 120 credits that prepares graduates for entry-level human services and counseling positions. The degree curriculum includes 42 credits of core coursework plus a broad range of psychology courses and specialized coursework in counseling-related subjects, such as abnormal psychology and personality theory. The university fosters a sense of community among online students by offering online student services and clubs, such as the Psychology Association which has virtual meetings during the year. Courses are offered during the fall, spring, and summer terms in eight-week blocks; taking two courses at a time is considered a full-time course load. Interested applicants can apply to start the program at any time as six official start dates are offered throughout the year.
At Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU), students can earn a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Psychology – Mental Health in four years of full-time study online. This program is designed to teach students foundational psychological theories of counseling and mental health as well as practical skills such as assessment and intervention. Students have the option of completing a 150-hour internship or a 60-hour experiential learning project to link theories to practice as part of the degree requirements. Six start dates are offered during the year for maximum flexibility; courses are taught in eight-week blocks using an accelerated format. Applications are submitted online with transcripts and proof of a high school diploma or GED. An SNHU admission counselor then helps new students prepare for the online learning environment before classes begin. SNHU also offers the online BA in psychology with other specializations related to counseling, such as addictions and child and adolescent development.
To prepare for a career as a substance abuse counselor, consider the Bachelor of Science (BS) in Substance Abuse Counseling at the University of Cincinnati (UC). Designed for working professionals, this program has a flexible structure and offers start dates in the fall, spring, and summer terms. Students are admitted either as freshmen for a 120-credit program or as degree completion students for a 60-credit program. All students must complete courses in substance abuse counseling topics including assessment and diagnosis, abnormal behavior, and counseling skills. UC supports online students by assigning an academic advisor and a student success coordinator that works with students to choose classes, familiarize themselves with the online learning format, and access other resources. Financial aid support is also available to UC students. For those interested in working in the substance abuse counseling field in Ohio after graduation, this degree program meets Ohio licensure requirements for Licensed Chemical Dependency Professional III (LCDC III).
For those interested in substance abuse counseling careers, the Bachelor of Science (BS) in Addictions Counseling at the University of Houston-Clear Lake (UHCL) is a four-year degree program preparing students for addiction careers in Texas, such as earning licensure as a Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor (LCDC). The program offers flexibility for full-time and working professionals through a hybrid format that combines the option to take on-campus and online classes. The degree teaches students about all stages of the addiction and recovery process as well as the psychological theories and models used to provide addiction counseling. Students must take 120 credits for the degree, which includes 78 credits in the major, through coursework such as pharmacology, treatment planning, and addictions and diversity. Start dates are offered in the fall, spring, and summer terms. Freshmen and transfer applicants can apply with high school transcripts and SAT or ACT scores or college transcripts using the ApplyTexas portal by the applicable application or transfer deadline listed on the UHCL website. UHCL also offers a Bachelor of Science in Psychology that may appeal to students interested in a wider range of counseling careers.
Careers with a Bachelor’s in Counseling
You can find more information about the counseling careers in the major fields of specialization, including educational requirements, state rules and regulations, salaries, and job outlooks, on the following career pages:
- Marriage and Family Therapy
- Mental Health Counseling
- Rehabilitation Counseling
- School Counseling
- Substance Abuse Counseling
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the difference between a BA and a BS in counseling?
Most schools offer either a BA or a BS degree in counseling and some offer both. The main difference between these degrees is the coursework requirements. BA degrees typically require students to complete more coursework in arts, humanities, and foreign languages, whereas science degrees often have additional math, natural science, and statistics requirements. Generally, these course requirements are part of the degree core and electives rather than the requirements for the counseling major. Be sure to check the admission requirements for any graduate degree programs in counseling you may be considering to see if your bachelor’s degree will meet the coursework requirements as some do require specific courses, such as statistics.
Can I become a licensed counselor with a bachelor’s degree in counseling?
The path to becoming a licensed counselor can take many years and most types of counseling licensure require applicants to have a graduate degree either at the master’s or doctoral level. The counseling licensure process also typically requires many hours of post-graduate supervised work experience. A bachelor’s degree in counseling may enable you to find employment in entry-level assistant roles in counseling but further study will likely be required to earn licensure. One exception is for substance abuse counseling, which can require a high school diploma, an associate’s degree, or a bachelor’s degree plus work experience depending on state regulations. Many states follow the guidelines established by the International Certification and Reciprocity Consortium (ICRC), which provides credit towards the work experience requirements for associate and bachelor degree holders. Contact the substance abuse counseling licensure body in your state for more information about these requirements.
What are the admission requirements for a bachelor of counseling?
Most institutions admit applicants with no college or university experience directly from high school as freshmen. Applicants typically must send high school or GED transcripts and standardized test scores, such as the SAT or ACT. Each school determines the general admission requirements, such as the required GPA and test scores, and any additional requirements for the counseling program. Students with prior college or university experience may also be admitted as transfer applicants and are required to submit college or university transcripts as part of the application package. Admission criteria for transfer students vary, so be sure to confirm which application you should use for each school before applying.
Can I complete an online bachelor’s degree in counseling?
Many schools offer bachelor’s degrees in counseling that can be completed fully online or through hybrid means that combine online and on-campus requirements. Fully online degrees may be offered with synchronous or asynchronous course elements; synchronous elements require students to “attend” classes, discussions, or other activities online at specific times, whereas asynchronous courses allow students to work through course material independently at any time of day. Hybrid programs offer some degree components to be completed online but may require students to attend specific courses on-campus throughout the degree or attend certain degree elements in-person, such as introductions, internships, or supervision.
Can I receive credit for previous bachelor-level coursework if I transfer into a counseling degree?
It is possible to receive credit for previously-completed undergraduate courses as a transfer student, but each institution sets its own policy for how transfer credit is evaluated and the types of credits that can be applied towards the requirements for a counseling degree. Most institutions have residency requirements that may cap the number of credits you can transfer from another institution and may require you to complete a specific number of your remaining credits at their institution.